PPSC syllabus

The detailed syllabus of the PPSC exam




PPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2021


No. of Questions

Marks allotted for each Question

Total Marks

General Studies (Paper 1)




Civil Services Aptitude Test(CSAT) ((paper 2)





PPSC Prelims General Studies Syllabus

  • Study-related to the environment.
  • Governance and bureaucracy.
  • Economics and financial studies.
  • Geography of India, and of other countries
  • Sports and IT sector.
  • Indian polity and administration.
  • General topics, basic information about science concepts
  • Indian history
  • Everyday Science
  • Political Theory & International Order
  • History of India
  • Indian Economy
  • Punjab: Geography, People, Society and Culture, History, and Economy
  • Current events of national and international importance

PPSC Prelims CSAT Syllabus

  • Data interpretation.
  • General reasoning
  • Problems on heights and measurements.
  • Numerical problems.
  • Statistics and related problems.
  • Reading comprehension
  • Punjabi and English language comprehension
  • Antonyms and synonyms
  • Grammar and sentence formation
  • Graphic presentations, charts, tables, spreadsheets
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning, analytical and mental ability
  • Basic numerical skills; numbers, magnitudes, percentages, numerical relation appreciation
  • Data analysis

Prelims Paper 1 (General Studies)

The PPSC Prelims exams consist of 2 papers of 200 marks each- Paper I(General Studies) and Paper-II(Civil Services Aptitude Test(CSAT). The PPSC Preliminary syllabus 2020-2021 has been given below:

Punjab Civil Service Everyday Science Syllabus

·        States of matter, structure of atoms, versatile nature of carbon. Acids, bases, salts, corrosion in metals, action of soaps. Life on Earth – evolution, marine & terrestrial life. Human body and life processes, nutrition, disease – its causes & prevention, infectious diseases, lifestyle diseases. Public health initiatives, mother and child health, immunisation & vaccination, HIV AIDS, TB, polio etc. Force-laws of motion & gravitation, Archimedes principle. Energy – kinetic & potential. Light – reflection & refraction – concepts and applications. Sound – propagation & reflection- concepts and applications. Electric current – concepts and applications. Computers and telecommunication – concepts and applications.

Punjab Civil Service Syllabus for Environmental studies:

·        Composition and structure of the atmosphere. Solar system – heat balance & temperature. Atmospheric circulation & weather system, water cycle. Climate change – fossil fuels, greenhouse gases, renewable energy, clean development mechanism, carbon credits. Water – oceans, rivers, glaciers, lakes, groundwater etc. Biodiversity & conservation. Soil – types, crops, food chain etc. Pollution and toxicity etc.

Punjab Civil Service Political Theory & International Order Syllabus

·        Basic concept of freedom, equality, social justice, rights & duties, citizenship, nationalism, secularism etc. United Nations and its organs/agencies, other international organisations like the World Bank, IMF, WTO, EU, G20, BRICS etc. and their role in World peace, trade & development.

Indian Polity Syllabus

·        Basic features, provisions, schedules of the Indian Constitution, key amendments. Panchayati Raj. Elections – People’s Representation Act, electoral reforms. Rise of regionalism and coalition politics. Armed challenges to the Indian state since independence

History of India Syllabus

·        The Indus valley civilisation. The Aryan and the Vedic age. Jainism and Buddhism. The Maurya Gupta periods. Advent of Islam and Sultanate period (political, social & cultural). The Bhakti Movement. The Mughals (political, social & cultural till Aurangzeb). The coming of the European Powers and the advent of the British rule. The Mutiny of 1857. The British rule and the Indian National Movement (1857-1947) World History: The Renaissance and the Industrial Revolution in Europe. The American Revolution 1776. The French Revolution 1789. The Russian Revolution 1917. World Wars I & II.

Punjab Civil Service Syllabus for Indian Economy:

·        Indian economic development (1950-1991) – key economic policies, public sector dominance, bank nationalisation etc. Five year plans – key goals and main achievements. Liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation era since 1991 – key policies, decisions and results. Performance of Indian economy since 1991 – Growth, fiscal & revenue deficits, trade, commerce & balance of payments, inflation, growth of service sector. Key challenges and responses – agriculture and food security, industrialisation, poverty alleviation & employment, rural & urban infrastructure, social sector – health, education etc.

Punjab Civil Service Geography Syllabus

·        Population – distribution, density, growth and comparison. Migration – types, causes and consequences. Human development. Human settlements. Land resources and agriculture. Water resources. Mineral and energy resources. Manufacturing industries. Planning and sustainable development in India. Transport and communication. International trade. Geographical perspective on selected issues and problems.

Current Events of National and International Importance.

Related to the State of Punjab, and the country.

1.      Geography: Geographical and agro-climatic regions, rivers, water resources, sharing of waters, demographics, human development indices

2.      People, Society and Culture: Major personalities in the history of Punjab, religious movements, major religions & spiritual personalities, Punjabi literature, folklore, performing arts, fine arts and crafts

3.      History: Sufis, saints and gurus, Lodhis and Mughals, Sikh rulers, the British period, nationalist movement in Punjab, Punjab in independent India.

4.      Economy: Agriculture, animal husbandry, industrial & service sectors, major occupations, development & economic growth, public finance (including central-state fiscal issues), public sector institutions, cooperatives, etc.

Paper 1: General English language

·        Vocabulary and grammar

·        Verbs, idioms, and tenses

·        Phrase corrections

·        Sentence completion

·        Paragraph writing

·        Precis writing

·        Translation

·        Comprehension

Paper 2: General Punjabi language

·        Essay writing

·        Letter writing

·        Grammatical concepts

·        Language quotes and explanations

·        Descriptive writing

·        Paragraph and precis writing

Paper 3: General Essay

The General Essay Section will be for a total of 150 marks. Candidates will be required to write three short essays in English or Punjabi on specified topics. The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion and to write concisely. Credit will be given for content value, effective and exact expression.

Know the steps to Download PPSC PCS Admit Card here.

General Studies 1

Section- 1: History

1.1 History of the world : Events from 18th century; industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like Communism, Capitalism, Socialism etc. -their forms and effect on society.

1.2 Indian culture- Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1.3 Modern Indian history from the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities and issues.

1.4 Socio-religious reform movements with special reference to Punjab.

1.5 The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country with special reference to Punjab.

1.6 Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country. 1.7 History of Punjab:

1.7. Ranjit Singh’s rise to power, civil and military administration and relations with the British. The annexation of Punjab with special reference to the causes and consequences of the Anglo-Sikh wars.

Section-2: Geography

2.1 Physical Geography: Salient features of the world’s physical geography. Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

2.2 Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and icecaps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2.3 Geography of Punjab:

·        Physiographic details of Punjab; Geomorphic features of Punjab, Punjab’s strategic location with reference to International Border;

·        Crops of Punjab; Modern concepts of Farming; Problems faced by agriculturists/ Issues in Agriculture: Depletion of groundwater, etc:

Section-3: Society

3.1 Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

3.2 Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies

3.3 Effects of globalization on Indian society

3.4 Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism

3.5 Ethics and Society: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

3.6 Human Values – Role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values; lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders and reformers- Gautam Buddha, Mahavira, Kabir, Guru Nanak; Swami Vivekananda, Jyotibha Phule, Ishwar Chandra Vidya Sagar and Mahatma Gandhi.

3.7 Vulnerable sections of the population – Welfare schemes by the Centre and State of Punjab and their performance; Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for their protection and betterment.

3.8 Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector- Health, Education, Human Resources; Issues relating to Poverty and Malnutrition.



PPSC Mains Exam Pattern 2021

Paper No

Name Of The Subject

Maximum Marks

Paper 1


100 marks

Paper 2

Punjabi (to be answered only in Gurmukhi Script)

100 marks

Paper 3

Essay writing

100 marks

Paper 4

General Studies Paper 1

100 marks

Paper 5

General Studies Paper 2

100 marks

Paper 6

Non-mandatory Subject 1 – Paper 1

100 marks

Paper 7

Non-mandatory Subject 1 – Paper 2

100 marks

Paper 8

Non-mandatory Subject 2, Paper 1

100 marks

Paper 9

Non-mandatory Subject 2, Paper 2

100 marks


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